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The lower house of the British Parliament. House of Commons
Conference Room of the House of Commons, Palace of Westminster, London
The history Parliament has evolved from the council with the king in the Middle Ages. This royal council, which met for a short period, including the clergy, nobles, and representatives of the county. The primary concern of this meeting was to approve taxes proposed by the Crown. Gradually evolved into a council legislative power.
Elections Elected for five years by universal, equal suffrage by secret ballot. Elections to the House of Commons may be general (extending for the entire territory of the country) or intermediate (conductive additionally in some constituencies).The order is given by the Lord Chancellor and contains an order to the time of the election.
Members of the House of Commons can not be: Foreigners Some officials, in particular - the members of the House of Lords State civil and military employees Persons imprisoned for treason Persons suffering from mental illness Bankrupts A person found guilty of illegal and dishonest practices in the election.
Structure The number of elected members of the House of Commons corresponds to the number of electoral districts. Its members in the word "members of parliament “. Members of Parliament may not simultaneously be elected to the House of Lords. In accordance with the constitutional practice the Prime Minister is the leader of the party which won the majority of seats in the House of Commons.
Officials The Speaker Deputy Speaker Leader Clerk
Political parties Party Number of seats The Conservative Party 303 labor party 252 The Liberal Democratic Party 57 The Democratic Unionist Party 8 The Scottish National Party 6 Sinn Fein 5 Green Party of England and Wales 1
Relationship with the Government The Chamber does not choose the prime minister, it indirectly controls the premiership. Sovereign choose someone who can get the support of the House - usually the head of the largest party in the lower palate. Now by agreement of the prime member of the House of Commons.
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